The personal garden is an essential part of homes throughout Japan, and parts of East Asia and the Middle East.
We rarely see such homes with interior gardens in Europe, except for the Hôtel Particulier, Maison de Maître, and the Châteaux in France. In cultures around the world, the personal garden is an introversion reflected in the development of buildings and how such are conceived and highly reflective in self-development and realisation.
In the understanding of future sustainable architecture, it is critical to note this introversion aspect of urban and rural planning, and also in blurring the lines between the interior, and the exterior.
This relationship begins from within that which is conceived as a private aspect of the household and thereafter extends outwards.
Environmental design principles in architecture have drawn increasing attention, as evidenced by the plethora of publications and research that consider environmental integration issues and design approaches.
Based on the observation of the universal energy of the earth, the ancient Chinese believed that everything in the universe was produced by changes, which resulted from the balancing of Yin and Yang — a home should have an excellent balance between yin and yang in order to bring balance for the inhabitants who live and productively balance in the society.